I painted this based on a Frank Rinehart photograph, taken during the 1898 Indian Congress, which was unfortunately more parade than congress. More than five hundred Native Americans from thirty-five delegations attended, including Yellow Magpie, an Araphahoe representative.
In spite of the French government encouraging early immigrants to marry locals, in Canada, in the late 1600s, the Brits outnumbered the French 10 to 1 and men outnumbered women by an even higher margin. Louis XIV solution to this imbalance was to provide passage and a dowery to some 700 young women of marriageable age to help increase the French population of "New France." These girls were usually chosen by their parish priests or the administrators of their orphanages. At least three of my great x 7 grandmothers were one of these "Fille de Roi."
Grandaughter of France, oil on canvas, one meter by one meter, 2016